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      How to Start Fish Farming in Nigeria

      There are so many information on the internet on how to start fish farming in Nigeria especially catfish farming but few are detailed enough to really assist aspiring fish farmer to get started. I will be endeavor to make this article as detailed as possible and hope that other experienced fish farmer will add to it as we try to answer people’s questions by commenting.

      One of the most popular agribusiness in Nigeria is fish farming and for good reasons. Gone are the days when the only means of getting fish is by catching it in the local rivers and ponds through trial and errors. Today, the modern farm practice has made it possible to grow fish in the farms and control the input.

      Catfish Farming Nigeria Picture
      Matured Catfish, Ready For Market | WealthResult.com

      If you are thinking of business to start now, I recommend you start Catfish Farming. If you are an existing farmer and you are looking to expand your farm capacity, I’d encourage you add fish farming to your line of business. Fish farming (especially catfish) is most compatible with poultry farming as you can use the poultry drops to produce the feed for your fish.

      Benefits of Fish Farming

      1. Fish is Popular

      Fishery products is by far the most popular animal products in the market, constituting more than 60% of meat produce in the Nigerian market.

      2. Fish is Source of Protein

      Fish is one of the highest source of protein. It is a low-fat high quality protein that is filled with omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins such as D and B2 (riboflavin). Fish is also very rich in calcium and phosphorus and is equally a great source of minerals, such as iron, zinc, iodine, magnesium, and potassium.

      3. Fish Sells Quick

      Fish sells faster than any other animal products in the market and is relatively cheaper than meats, making it the number one choice when it comes to affordability.

      4. Fish Matures Quickly

      Fish grows very fast as practices in fish farming makes it possible for farmers to increase the fastness of their fish growth by giving them certain feeds, ensuring that you harvest and sell within short period of time.

      5. Fish Contains Omega-3

      Fish is the biggest source of Omega-3 fatty acids which is extremely beneficial to human heart; Omega-3 helps to keep our heart and brain very healthy. Since human body doesn’t produce Omega-3 fatty acids, the only source through which we can get it is by what we eat, that is where fish comes to the rescue.

      6. Fish Farming is Profitable

      Fish farming is very profitable. With proper planning and good management, N3 million investment in fish farming could easily result to N4 million of pure profit within six months.

      7. No Environmental Hazard

      Fish farm does not cause any environmental hazard. Unlike poultry farming, you can setup fish farm anywhere, including residential areas. If you have a specious compound, you can easily setup a small fish farm within your backyard without any regulatory precaution.

      Risks and Challenges in Fish Farming

      1. Sensitive to Manage

      Fish is very sensitive to manage and a slight mistake could result to degenerated growth of your fish or even death which may cause massive revenue loss.

      2. Capital Intensive

      Setting up fish farm is capital intensive, much more than that of poultry and snail farming. Setting up fish farm requires more careful planning and much capital input. A relatively small fish farm may take up to N500,000 to setup, while bigger ones takes millions of naira.

      3. Fish is Priced High

      Due to the cost of production, fish produced from the farm is priced higher than those caught from the rivers and ponds by fishermen. Therefore, if there are good quantity of fisherman’s fish in the market, you may find it difficult to sell as people would prefer the cheaper ones.

      4. No Byproduct

      There is no byproduct in fishery unlike poultry where even the drop can be harvested and sold to other farmers and make extra profit. In fishery, all you get is the flesh.

      Types Of Fish You Can Farm

      Haven seen the benefits as well as the risks involved in fish farming, let’s now proceed to decide which specie of fish we want to farm. Below are some of the most popular fish species that is suitable for Aquaculture.

      1. Cat Fish –

      Even though Catfish is not the most popular fish in Nigeria, this fish species is by far the most cultivated in Nigeria. One thing good about catfish is that it is one of the easiest fish species to cultivate. So, people naturally flow to the direction of fish specie they found to be the easiest to cultivate.

      2. Tilapia –

      Second most popular fish in Nigeria’s aquaculture industry, Tilapia is a fish species that lives in fresh shallow water. Tilapia is very easy to cultivate and very popular in Nigerian market, it reproduces very rapidly and grows fast too.

      3. Mackerel (Titus) –

      This is by far the most popular fish in Nigerian market but so sad it’s not farmed. All Mackerel Fish are “wild caught” but some farmer in Nigeria are considering the possibility of creating artificial salty water that will be similar to sea water where mackerel can only survive. Can this deep blue sea fish specie be cultivated artificially? Only time will tell but for now, you have to focus your attention to Catfish and Tilapia.

      What You Need To Get Started In Fish Farming

      1. Secure a Land

      Any location is good since fish doesn’t cause any environmental disturbance. Look for land where you can get it cheap and buy. Depending on the capacity you wants to operate on, half plot of land is just good enough for average fish farm.

      However, you may go for something bigger like full plot or two if you can afford it probably for convenience sake. If you already have a compound with leftover space you thing can accommodate two or three ponds, you may use it.

      2. Construct Ponds

      You need to engage the service of expert pond construction engineer or you go to another fish farm to get the specification and construction requirements. The plumbing work must be properly done to ensure proper drainage.

      Catfish Ponds For Catfish Farming
      Example of local fish ponds in Nigeria

      3. Dig a Borehole

      Adequate water supply is the lifeblood of fish farm and lack of it may result to disaster because water need to be changed on regular interval. Naturally available sources of water such as borehole and river water is the most suitable. Rain water and tap water from chemically treated source is not recommended for fish cultivation.

      4. Install Overhead Tank

      This is the water reservoir from which water is supplied to your ponds. This tank has to be connected to your ponds through plumbing system to make it convenient for water to flow into your ponds when needed.

      5. Get Juvenile Fish

      Get your juvenile from another farm that specializes in supplying it. You need to go for the high yield specie of catfish or tilapia and make sure you are getting it from a healthy farm.

      6. Get Training

      Not the kind of training you get from one day seminars; you need to get attached to a fish farm for proper apprenticeship. For you to properly learn this trade, you need at least two months training on this.

      Remember that your investment is at stake, trial and error is not good in business except you have unlimited funds to experiment with.

      Feasibility Study For Standard Fish Farming

      SEE ALSO: Feasibility Study On Poultry Farming For Beginners

      This feasibility study prepared for a catfish farm capacity of 10,000 and fingerlings of high breed catfish where to be stocked. The expenses from pond construction to marketing is considered. The farm is to have 10 concrete ponds of flow through system and each pond is to contains 1,000 stocked catfish.

      Cost of Constructing Each Pond is as Follows

      Each pond is 3m x 2.5m by 1.4m, each pond consumes 210 blocks and each bag of cement for 30 blocks. Hence 210 x 10 = 2,100 blocks. 2,100/30 = 70 bags of cement needed. 2000 x 70 = 140,000 naira.

      • 4trips of sand used = 7,000×4 = N28,000
      • 2trips of gravel = 32,000x 2 = N64,00
      • Cost of labour = N150,00
      • Cost of plumbing (inlet and outlet facility) = N100,000.
      • The cost of bore hole = N150,000.
      • Cost of treatment = N50,000.
      • The cost of high breed fingerlings 30×10,000 = N300,000.
      • Cost of feeding from day one to maturity stage is 200 bags of foreign feed = N1,000,000.

      After the average weight of the fish was 1.7kg. And it was sold at 800 naira each. The output was 800×9800 fishes, due to 200 mortality. 800 x 9800 = N7,840,000.

      Input is N3.25’million. The profit is N4.59 million after six months of culture. Following this cost analysis, you can easily invest N3 million and expect good turnover within six months of harvest and sell.

      There is no doubt that fish farming is among the list of lucrative businesses in Nigeria. You need to get it right by drawing complete business plan and following it to the later. You need to apply good management skill and follow the acceptable standard. If you do all these, you are sure to make good profit from your fish farming business in Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana, South Africa or where else you choose t set it up.

      Related Posts


      • Asah Walters November 11, 2013

        very nice

      • Asah Walters November 11, 2013

        am a Cameroonian just want to know if catfish and tilapia do well in my country?

        • Darlinton Omeh November 11, 2013

          Why not, can do extremely well your country and if the farmers there are few, you may just have hit a goldmine. Make sure you do your research well before starting

          • princess September 17, 2017

            darlinton lets chat ps

            • solomon simobi March 15, 2018

              i started with 1000 fish only am pushing up small small is nice business if u have the money just try it

              • Ayokunnumi April 23, 2018

                Please can we chat outside here.

              • emeke February 15, 2019

                good day. want to start small. what is the minimum cash i need .

      • Benjamin Ekejimbe November 13, 2013

        Pls I want to know this, after the fishes are fully grown how do I get the market to buy how and where do I go to get the market.

        • Darlinton Omeh November 13, 2013

          Fast foods people, restaurants, hotels, point and kill beer palours, market women, frozen food sellers, these are all your market. Reach out to them and market your fish. Thousands of metric tons of fish is marketed this way every months

        • Anonymous December 17, 2014

          nor nor, u have me as cousin try and reach out to me, galaxies reagan

      • Lawrence Melford December 12, 2013

        Thank you so much Mr. Darlinton.i'm a corp member at the moment but i have interest in Agro-Allied business,specifically Poultry,Fish farming and Piggery.this aticle will be of great help to me.
        Do you have other articles on piggery and poultry? That will be helpful too…

      • Anonymous January 10, 2014

        thanks for this. i will be back

      • Anonymous February 20, 2014

        This is a great opportunity for people. I strongly believe in Agriculture. It's one sure way to make money in life

      • Anonymous February 24, 2014

        Pls where can I get more insight on fish farming

      • Anonymous February 27, 2014

        Can't see cost of buying or leasing the land in your analysis

      • Anonymous March 20, 2014

        hello sir
        i disagree with you on the cost of feeding 10,000 fishes
        it cost about 4million niara to feed 10 fishes at a cost of 400naira per fish for 6months

        • MMJ FARMS June 2, 2014

          True talk. Besides, to get 1.7kg fish each, you need more than 4m may be 5.5m to feed. Who will buy your fish at 800 naira, except you want to hawk it.

        • Anonymous October 12, 2014

          That is correct. The price of 800 is what the hawkers sell the fish for after buying it at around N500 from the farm. besides the average weight is 1kg

      • Anonymous March 22, 2014

        Fish farming is my ideal biz.

      • iortyer pine April 14, 2014

        Thanks for all your education on fish farming. I have interest in this biz,but I don't have the capital. what would you advice?Also I have particular interest in that specie of fish that looks like a cat fish but with a pointed narrow mouth where and how can I get the fingerlings?
        Mr.Pine Makurgi

      • iortyer pine April 14, 2014

        Thanks for all the info. I have interest in this biz, I have enough land but no funds to commence. Do you have an advice to this? More so I have particular interest in that specie that looks like the cat fish but with a long narrow mouth. Where can one get the fingerlings from?

      • Anonymous April 27, 2014

        Great job!! please kindly aid me; a pound of 22mx22m and 1.66 deep, how catfish shall i put in to this pound while grow upto havest



      • kingsley opule May 5, 2014

        do you have the ebook on cat fish farming

      • kingsley opule May 5, 2014

        i want to know if you have the ebook on catfish farming

      • Gamonye May 12, 2014

        eBook is just for reading sake. it does not really give the knowledge needed for fish farming. you have to be on a farm and learn. i am a fish farmer.

      • Anonymous May 27, 2014

        This is really nice. Can I have ur mobile number for enquiry.



        • roseline August 8, 2017

          how can i get training from one who is a professional. is it good to have a bond a place that is close to kanai

      • Anonymous June 9, 2014

        This is very educative thanks a million, your type are very few. God bless u. From Mr Emma O.

      • Sage June 18, 2014

        Great job you are doing Darlington. But my candid advice to potential fish farmers is to plan their marketing strategy properly. Its the most important aspect to consider. Production is not really the challenge but the marketing is it. We were only two fish farmers in my local government yet i begged buyers even at 400 naira for a 1.5kg cat fish. the local government in question is arguably one of the oldest local government in Nigeria, so the population was there.

        • Akanni July 14, 2016

          Pls., where are you am from lagos we can buy it

          • Stephen Sarau November 5, 2017

            I’m a retired civil servant. I wish to start fish farming. I live in Biu, Borno state. My fear is how to get the market to sale in bulk. I’m thinking of getting them smoked after harvest God’s willing. Have you any idea how I can get the market?

      • Anonymous June 24, 2014

        Wat is size of a pond that can take 1,000 fingerlings to table size

      • abelite July 23, 2014

        Really nice article,marketing your produce could really pose a big chalange.But we dnt need to give up

      • Anonymous August 1, 2014

        thanks a lot

      • Anonymous August 6, 2014

        This is really nice. God bless you.
        Some parts of the country have well developed fish farming areas around the rivers. some of the ponds there are for rentals. so you can rent a pond there and enjoy the experience of other older fish farmers around. This is how I hope to start as I do not have enough capital to build my own pond yet. Also it is worthy of mention that you must not start with 10,000 fishes; 2,000 or less is also possible, especially if you are a newbie. God bless you for this.

      • Andrew A E August 17, 2014

        What of the cost and material analysis for the concrete floor,flooring and the pond body work,like the plastering and finishing work -Andrew A. E.

      • Anonymous August 26, 2014

        What are the legal requirements?and licences as well? Please answer asap. Thanks for the article and the anticipated answer.

        • Emmanuel Odafe Ejiyere July 9, 2017

          There is no legal requirement to practice Fish farming.
          You can do it in your compound in as much as you make a good water dislodging channel.
          God Bless You

          • Anonymous December 16, 2018

            Hello Emma, pls can I have ur mobile numbet as I am planning to set up one fish farming. I need your professional guidance.

      • Anonymous August 27, 2014

        You must know about the business before investing, plz dont fall the same problem like me. There are many things to know and plz dont borrow money to start the business, use you own money first. but its a good business

        • Stephen Sarah. November 5, 2017

          Good business ? I’m a retired civil servant. I live in Biu , Borno state. I could like to venture into the business of fishing farming. But my fear is where to get the market ( to sale in bulk)

      • Anonymous August 31, 2014

        can easily be marketed

      • Anonymous September 5, 2014

        Nice article. Very insightful too. However, I feel the cost of fish from the open sea is likely to be a lot cheaper than that from intensive care…. Stiff competition then….. I feel more time should be spent on cost effectiveness to combat competition…

      • Anonymous September 9, 2014

        This is very educative and detailed. You hardly find texts like this. great!!!.

      • Anonymous September 15, 2014

        i am interested in a tilapia breeding but not for commercial, just to meet my family needs. can i breed in a gp tank in my backyard and where can i get the juveniles to buy also can you do a write up on breeding snails. thank you. Irene Enitan

        • Emmanuel Odafe Ejiyere July 9, 2017

          There are GP tank designed for fish farming, you can get it and use it at the back of your house just have someone who is a professional Fish farmer to guide you.
          I hartch Fish, so I can get you Fingerlings answer Juvenile.
          GoD Bless you

          • Sam February 19, 2018

            Emmanuel thanz so much for de insight but I want to learn more so I can make good knowledge of it b4 venture into it. Right, I need where get trained. I’m from Akwa Ibom 08033754671 pls if there’s any link where I can be trained, kindly link me up

          • Joshua Pender Bright March 4, 2018

            good day i am bright i based in Benin city Nigeria how do i get in contact with you for more discussion, my contact number is 08119021530, pls call me.

      • Anonymous September 16, 2014

        This is interesting

      • Anonymous October 13, 2014

        Good write up. i'm interested in fish farming on a small scale for personal comsumption. Can the fingerlins do well in a bath, & how many can strive well in a big bath? thanks Joshua

        • Emmanuel Odafe Ejiyere July 9, 2017

          Get a GP tank designed for Fish pond, if it’s too expensive you can get someone who knows how to construct the Tapauline method to do it for you.
          And also get the contact of an experienced Fish farmer to always guide you.
          God Bless You

          • Liz August 1, 2017

            When you are using a gp tank can local feed be administered? Or it’s only foreign feed?
            I live in Benin city can u please direct me to an expert if u know any in Benin city
            Thank you

      • Anonymous October 21, 2014


      • PROMISE October 26, 2014

        Nice article, at least it gives u a direction and serves as guide. I believe there is wide market for fish in Nigeria and its a good business and can serve as additional source of income as it can be done as a part time business. very important to note is that starting small is best for beginners then after you have acquired experience and are ready to hit big, you can now look for money. Thanks once again for the article.

      • Anonymous October 27, 2014

        Nice Piece…Very Enlightening !

      • Anonymous November 5, 2014

        Please i would like to know precisely how long does it take for fingerlings to fully grow.

      • Lilian November 21, 2014

        Thanks for the info on fish farming. I am actually interested in it, will like to go for training on it but don't know of any Fish farm where I reside in Enugu.

        • Emmanuel Odafe Ejiyere July 9, 2017

          If you can come to Lagos for a week you can visit a Fish farm and get all the necessary information you’ll need go back to your state and put them to work. When you’ve started if you have any challenge it can be dealt with on phone with the expert you will meet in Lagos.
          God Bless You

      • DK December 4, 2014

        Thank you Darlinton and everyone who commented. God bless

      • Anonymous December 17, 2014

        Please the information shared here is wrong concerning producing 10, 000 fingerlings with 200 bags of feed.

      • CHAMPION MASO December 19, 2014

        thanks for this article it has really help me in my seminar work, this is a good one

      • Anonymous December 22, 2014

        Hw do you care for you fish asin cat fish

      • Anonymous December 29, 2014

        Frm day 1 to what to be selling out. Do w need scale

      • Anonymous January 3, 2015

        I find this very encouraging. However, I do feel that you should have added that starters should do that with limited number of fish say…500, to test if their fish can survive in their ponds before increasing in number.


      • Fish Video January 3, 2015

        This is very informative, Sir Darlington. Thanks for sharing!

      • Anonymous January 4, 2015

        What is the correct number of bags/cost to feed 10,000finglings to maturity for what period of time?

      • Anonymous January 4, 2015

        What is the correct number of bags/cost to feed 10,000 fingerlings to maturity for what period of time?

      • Anonymous January 10, 2015

        Thank u sir

      • Anonymous January 14, 2015

        I have about 1.5m at hand and 2 plot of land. Would that be enough to get started?

      • Anonymous January 19, 2015

        Thank soo much Sir. I really learnt alot through this articule.
        Sir, I have a plot of land and likewise, I have a very Big compound too with a standard bore hole water system. My questions are: 1. How can I start the biz with d sum of 500k., pond moulding expenses excluded. 2. Like how many fingerlings or juvenile can I get with My little fiunds. 3. How much does each juvenile or fingerlings cost? 4. What could be the size or measurement of the ponds., assuming am projecting for 2 to 3 ponds in a row? 5. Where can I get to buy the fingerlings in Ekiti state? Meanwhile, the 500k will carried the feeding as well. Tnx

        • Emmanuel Odafe Ejiyere July 9, 2017

          Is your plot of land be easily accessable by customers?
          You can buy 500 Fingerlings put them in a big bowl, change the water every day if the survive for more than three days then your water is good.
          Make use of Tapauline to build your ponds. Tapauline is good if done by a professional.
          You can make your ponds 3 by 9ft.
          I only know where you can it it in Lagos.

          God Bless You

          • Olamilekan July 22, 2017

            You can message me on my WhatsApp number so we can discuss properly I have a land to use at ikotun. 08101665458

          • Abel December 17, 2018

            Please I am in Lagos and I will like to meet with you one on one sir. Please my WhatsApp is 08068468608. Let me work with you to know more about this business

      • Adamu January 29, 2015

        Very insightful blog post. Would you agree that a lot of fish farmers in Nigeria fail due to poor farm sites? I've seen this many times where people invest in places with inadequate water supply, bad soils, and are located in remote locations that are not easily accessed by markets and/or supplies. This makes it difficult for them to trade their products.

        • Darlinton Omeh January 29, 2015

          Adamu, you are very right. Most business in Nigeria fails due to lack of proper planning and inadequate knowledge. A lot of people plan poorly and when the business fails, they blame it on the business.

      • Anonymous February 23, 2015

        to get some training on fish farming, is there any fish farm you know of in enugu? thanks for the info great work

      • Anonymous March 5, 2015

        nice work u re doing here mr Darlington

      • Yawar Nawaz January 19, 2016

        National Aquaculture Group (NAQUA) is one of the largest aquaculture operation of its type in the world and offers you the opportunity to enjoy products grown in our farms strategically located by the coast of the Red Sea in Saudi Arabia.

      • Hussaina Abulfathi February 3, 2016

        This is wonderful, I have been waiting this day to come I want this business for along time. Thank you for your efforts and concerns. I will be asking questions whenever there is need God bless you.

      • temmy February 3, 2016

        I am learning on this site everyday! Thanks

      • PIPER March 3, 2016

        I have an acre of land somewhere in agbara and i want to start fish farming there.

        i will need good a good consultant to work with me in setting up my farm
        pls contact me

      • Evang. Ugbaga Ukpai March 7, 2016

        Dear Mr. Oweh,

        I would like to receive your periodic Newsletter on Fish Farming. I am a teacher on Fishery(Entrepreneurial Development).

        Your assistance will be of immense help.


        Evang.Ugbaga Ukpai
        c/o Aba General Post Office,
        Aba, Abia State.

      • Taymite March 7, 2016

        good projection and plan but you have left out the projection for manpower.

      • oluchi immaculate March 22, 2016

        for now i am not able to get a farmland for my fish farm,,, i was told i could use a big drum for a start,,, pls how does that work? is it possible?

      • oyas March 28, 2016

        Thanks Mr Darlington for this write-up. Pls l need your help.
        I am new in to catfish farming . About three weeks ago I discovered whitish substances on the head of my fishes and I administered antibiotics on them . Yesterday I went to the farm and saw about 100 of them dead and float. Pls sir what could be the cause? Thanks

      • Funsho March 29, 2016

        Thanks for this information. I would like to have your regular news letter on fish farming.

      • Bilhatu Yusufu April 1, 2016

        Thank you Mr Darlington for that write up. Please is the use of trampoline as ponds adviseable.

        • Emmanuel Odafe Ejiyere July 9, 2017

          Tapauline is the best cheapest method for making ponds if done by a professional.
          I use Tapauline in my farm.
          I prefer Tapauline than concrete.
          God bless you

      • Marty Mamud April 5, 2016

        Hello can someone help me.

        I am looking for Artemia Shell Free feed. Can someone suggest places where I can get it at a good price

        Kind regards

      • Jb April 11, 2016

        Nice write up. At least this can give someone headsup!

      • Abdullahi April 16, 2016

        This is wonderful, may I have ur address here in Nigeria. Just interested on this farming

      • likinyo odunayo April 18, 2016

        Good writeup my bro.God blessed you with all your efforts in putting up this article

      • likinyo odunayo April 18, 2016

        Pls, is there any Govt grant on fingerlings and where if any, also can you send me your contact number tru my e. Mail address.thanks

      • Solomon bitrus April 26, 2016

        Good day sir,i will like to know where to get fingerling in plateau

      • Mr Maxwell April 28, 2016

        Great post Sir, quite insightful.
        Information is power!

      • Confidence April 30, 2016

        Thanks Ur Writeup Sir. Can I Start With 2ponds

      • Udechukwu Humphrey C. May 7, 2016

        Thanks for the analysis given above on Fish farming. I actually wanted to start but on a small scale of about 2000, using 2 not 3 X 2.5 X 1.4 (m) pond.
        My questions are as follows

        * Can I use 1.5 X 2.5 X 1.4 pond
        * Start with 500 in each tank
        * After 3 months , start with another 1000
        With this arrangement while selling off the batech, the second batch will mature next 3 months, while a new batch will be introduced. The cycle continues.

      • Sowunmi, Olatunde May 10, 2016

        Welldone for this write-up, it is a nice one . Some of ur type will hide all these information u have given freely here and ask prospective farmers to come and buy some not too well written books/CD for 5000naira. Thanks so much for sharing ur knowledge and experience with others. My question is on the “cost of treatment”. What kind of treatment are we refering to here. Thanks. ,

      • annonymous May 18, 2016

        Thank you for this article, but I bet you won’t be able to make much profit at first, but as you continue in the business, with good management skills you will make profit. Though hatching is capital intensive to start, but it’s more lucrative and less expensive to feed. But you require skills and experience for hatching. If everything is in place you will be able to make good profit when you combine both.
        Thank you

      • precious June 14, 2016

        thanks for the insight i love it please can i get this article in a mail cause i love it if i can get it i will appreciate it very much my mail address is thanks

      • NJO Eke June 20, 2016

        Thank you very much for your write up. I have heard people talk about “fertilisation in fish farming”. What is it really about and how is it done??

      • Gee July 4, 2016

        Mr Darlington’

        Weldone post you have up here. It’s educating but the cost of feeding is not quite correct and you made no mention of payroll.

        I am a prospective farmer and have just started digging my earthen ponds. Feeds is a major challenge; you need to emphasise that. Thanks.


      • Odz July 15, 2016

        How often should the water in the pond be changed.

      • Odz July 15, 2016

        How often should the water in the pond be changed. Can tarpaulin be used to construct ponds and any treatment required?

        • Emmanuel Odafe Ejiyere July 9, 2017

          Changing water in pond depends on the kind of feed you’re giving then and how well you feed them.
          Flow through is the best method for changing their water.
          Tapauline can be used, is one of the best method if it’s properly done.
          God bless you

          • Josichuks August 27, 2017

            Tanx so much for dis Insight, hw can I get d Taupolin setup done, can u help?

          • Wale July 23, 2019

            Mr. Emmanuel, from your contributions to issues on this forum, it is discovered that you are indeed a pro in this business. I have heard of plastic pond and concrete, please could you help us with your number since you keep mentioning it here that tarpaulin is another good way to reduce cost of pond. Thank you.

      • felicia agberagba July 20, 2016

        do you have the market for it? or how do you sell it?

      • felicia agberagba July 20, 2016

        how do you know the high species of catfish?

      • Amisy July 23, 2016

        wow this is really a great article. It not only encourages people to start fish farming, but provides effective how-to. thank you for sharing. besides that, people also can manufacture fish feed pellets (www.fishfeedmachine.com)themselves to save cost!

      • Ensy August 28, 2016

        I need to get experience from a renowned farm where tilapia is raised. PIs where is the nearest to Akwa Ibom ?

      • Barwru Dennis August 3, 2017

        I really love to be part of this conversation all of the time.
        l want to establish my own catfish pond to generate my own fish…..
        Let some one helps me, if there is a way for such opportunity
        contact me on my cell number

      • olowa michael August 10, 2017


        Bethsaidal Farms and Agro Allied brings you the opportunity to be Fish farmer/Investor by becoming a stakeholder in our fish farming project called PROJECT BETHSAIDAL 1.

        Fish farming as a business venture is one of the oldest and ever viable business in the world. This is simply because no matter the situation of an economy/country, her citizens must feed, even under a condition of war. The insatiable demand for fishery product in Nigeria has constantly self-promoted the steady growth and expansion of the industry.
        Also with the current shift to agricultural business in Nigeria, it is essential for farmers and prospective business men/women to fully harness. Although some people have concerns about the profitability of fish farming presently in Nigeria due to the low price of fish per kg at farm gate. But the honest truth is that even at the low price, some farmers still sells and make profit because their cost of production is also low. The secret to low cost of production is what we have and we are offering in this project.
        The aim and objective of Project Bethsaidal 1 is to bring together group of fish farmers and intending fish farmers to form a fish farming settlement where we produce fish per kg at a cost that is very profitable when compared to the current ridiculous farmgate price.

        Project bethsaidal 1 has only 30 slots, this been the maiden edition of the project. A slot consist of 1unit of 15″ by 10″ by 4″ tarpoline fish pond. Slots are available on the condition of first come first serve provided the candidates meets the terms and conditions of the project. A candidate can not take more than 2 slots.

        Our project site is situated in Ewekoro Local Government Area of Ogun State along a stream flowing year in, year out. The following are what to benefit as a slot owner:
        1.) A complete line of fish feed mill(Floating & Sinking) with quality feeds available 24/7-365days to slot owners.
        2.) Each slot has an average benchmark of expected harvest and feed to be use to achieve this benchmark. Slot owners get credit line of 40% on the estimated feeds to be used which they pay back when they harvest.
        3.) Mould pump is available for water pumping 24/7 at the site which makes water changing ridiculously cheap.
        4.) Ready made market available for your harvest for both fresh and processed fish.
        5.) a fish processing unit with capacity of 500kg per batch is also available for slot owners who are intending to process their harvest.
        6.) Maximum security is guaranteed for every slot on the site.
        7.) cost of feed ranges between 200-350/kg depending on the CP of feed and stage of the fish eating the feed.
        8.) Quality and maximum weight guarantee feed formular available to all slot owners.
        9.) Many more benefits which will be discussed at the orientation of prospective slot owners.

        Interested candidates should kindly contact project co-ordinator MICHAEL on 08167488947 (call and whatsapp) or project manager AZEEZ on 08028744462 (call and whatsapp) for more informations and enquiries on how to secure a slot/s in the project.
        Looking forward to you joining us in building an economy that will be free of hunger.

        website: http://www.bethsaidal.blogspot.com
        instagram; officialbethsaidal

        Project Location: Ewekoro, Ogun State
        Project Duration: 6 Months
        Project kick-off: First week of September

      • Abubakar Mohammed August 17, 2017

        Great post, very insightful!


        To make a lot of profit in your Catfish farming business, you need to cut the cost of feeding your fishes and Catfish grown at high densities requires a nutritionally complete feed to produce good growth and maintain good health. I’m a local manufacturer and distributor of high quality Catfish floating Feed in Nigeria. Free delivery to all parts of the country, to Sub-distributors, Wholesalers, Retailers and End-users.

        Send your requirement to: ☎️ 08103953855

        I’m a catfish farmer myself, hence, my floating pellets are properly prepared with a 58%(CP)crude protein good and well balance fish feed formulation. Available sizes are 0.2mm to 10mm suitable for juveniles to maturity, we supply Nationwide to your farm or doorstep at an affordable price of NGN2,500 per 15kg.

        The so-called foreign feeds are reaping you off of your profit, my local Catfish feed has a high quality energy source required for growth and maintenance of body tissue resulting in improved weight gains because it is fortified with balanced vitamins, minerals and amino acids plus Stabilized Vitamin C required for better metabolism, skeletal formation, nerves, body fluid regulation and enzymes to yield maximum Productivity.©

        • Okombo December 28, 2017

          How come, I have read exactly the above text word for word from another fellow who claims to be a manufacturer of feeds etc.
          Why are Nigerians so dubious?

      • Njo Eke August 30, 2017

        Can anybody help me, What is the recommended stocking rate? In other words how many fishes (table size catfish) is recommended for a 1m x 1m concrete pond??

      • henry kome September 6, 2017

        I greet you brother for the educative write up,please i have twin 4*3*4(HWD)height/width/depth. and wold want to know how many fingerlings to stock to the pond comfortably

      • OrimoladeOluwaseunMission October 4, 2017

        Which one is better? Either to build a concrete pond or beside a river bank??


      • Larwin October 17, 2017

        Your analysis is good, the borehole drilling you put at 150k might be limited to some particular areas, lets say in Lagos (sedimentary terrains) In basement complex areas, drilling a borehole could be as high as 500k. In fact the cost is unpredictable…
        If you need a borehole professional for consultation/advise for your farm, you can cantact me.


      • Ola October 22, 2017

        Well done sir, using a 1000 litre tank, how many fish can it contain?

      • Abimbola October 31, 2017

        Hi, how is work?
        My question is that, which type of fish pond are using mostly then how can I use poultry drop to produce feed.

      • Khalid Abubakar November 11, 2017

        Do you write a business plan on fish farming?
        I will be glad if you do.

      • Adah Jacobs December 5, 2017

        Hmm saw your blog at the right moment.Please contact.

      • Okombo December 28, 2017

        RE: MANUAL
        Please folks, where can one pick up a Fish farming manual in and around Lagos metropolis?
        Vendor or informant should contact me on okombo123 at gee mail dot kom.

        Many thanks

      • Bonnie January 19, 2018

        I want to share some knowledge about how to produce fish feed, in order to lower fish feed cost and improve profits of fish farming.

      • Peter. January 22, 2018

        Its’ all about money. Unfortunately, you can not buy life with money. Nigeria, for the most part, does not have qualified doctors. Millions are running around in the country with worthless degrees without basic knowledge of research. I’m not by any means trying to insult anyone. I’m presenting the simple truth. To those that will listen, it means their lives. Where are your so called professors?

        How many of you understand the chemical component of cat fish feeds? NONE.
        Well, let me put it this way, You’re spreading cancer. Just be ready.
        Go on you tube, and search ” Fish farming in Norway, China, Canada, Russia etc.”

      • Promise February 10, 2018

        What of if you have a waterlogged area

      • James chukwuemeka James March 11, 2018

        I am fish farmer in yenagoa how can I get catfish buyers

      • mayowa March 13, 2018

        hello. i want to start a fish farm in ibadan, can i get any fish farmer contact in ib?

        • Ahmed April 19, 2018

          Hello, Am also from Ibadan, how should I start a fishing farming here. how should I get a contact fish farmer in Ibadan?

      • Mustapha March 30, 2018

        That’s a wonderful Wright up,may God bless you more.please where do I get training before starting my business.

      • Ezeokoye Casmir Izunna April 12, 2018

        Really Interested in this business, will really appreciate if I can be linked with a fish farmer in Benin or Warri so I can obtain some personal experience before starting my own.

      • Ayokunnumi April 23, 2018

        Really educative sir. I have just 500k capital, how can I start a catfish business with it. I wouldn’t mind if I can have a one on one meeting with you to enlighten me more on how to go about it. Thanks

      • Anonymous April 24, 2018

        Please how much does feed cost now in 2018 and how many months does it take a catfish to mature fully? Whatsapp me on this number 09020881431.

        • Biodun April 25, 2018

          Its Varies there are different type but the common price is 8000.00

      • Tinuade Adeoye May 11, 2018

        Please if I don’t have up to a million naira, can’t I start the fish farming? Having like 200- 300k isn’t enough to start something reasonable?

      • emmanuel May 12, 2018

        4mm and 6mm of feeds are about 6000 and 5500 respectively, if you need help on your farm, you can call me. i have worked in a fish farm before. 08165980695.

      • Adepoju May 20, 2018

        how can I sell my catfish

      • Temi May 29, 2018

        I really love this. I will like to know more on fish farming.

      • Shobukola June 2, 2018

        am using well as a pond would I have to be changing the water

      • Yetunde June 7, 2018

        i want to start a fish business and i hv six million with me but i don’t know how to go about it. i need help.

      • Bless June 9, 2018

        Thanks so much for all you are doing.
        Does it mean if l invest #3m l will get extra #4m all making #7m??
        Please explain the ROI properly.
        I am highly interested…
        God bless you.

      • PETER TEMIDAYO AGBOOLA June 11, 2018

        Very educative,
        Thanks for this wonderful information…… The Lord bless you

      • PETER TEMIDAYO AGBOOLA June 11, 2018

        Please how much is the cost of a Catfish before you can think of how many you want to start with.

      • Sam June 13, 2018

        I have 3M to start this. Please Hit me up if you are in Lagos. Lets join ventures. 08189900929

      • Isaac Ajobiewe June 18, 2018

        Pls I need your enlightenment on how to know the total feed (Kg ) needed to feed catfish. Thanks.

      • Evely August 18, 2018

        Good day sir, pls I want to start up a fish pond with 7,000,000 including land, building and other expense. Can it be possible.

      • Shittu Tesleem October 8, 2018

        What does it take to be a distributor for your feeds in Ilorin?

      • Prince December 25, 2018

        Very insightful and educative,
        Remain lifted.

      • Sogbeye January 30, 2019

        Pls am not too clear on the method of transport when selling the fishes

      • nwaiwu esthet okeuchi February 8, 2019

        Please what is the name of feed use to train catfi.

      • Oniovosa Muesiri February 28, 2019

        Thanks sir.
        I would need your help as I start

      • Celestina April 11, 2019

        Pls, send me ur contact no. Am in Lagos and would like to know more or contact experienced fish farming experts

      • Akin April 15, 2019

        How did you manage to feed one fish from start to maturity for N100?
        I often hear that it costs about N400 if using foreign feed.

      • Emmanuel July 8, 2019

        Insightful… Let’s be friends

      • akpevweabel July 17, 2019

        I want to know it is advisable to start with 100 catfish

      • Nathaniel kaita September 30, 2019

        What a good presentation on fish farming business, now that i understand all the explanation, where will i get myself train ?

      • COMR ALIGBA IMOTER October 10, 2019

        i appreciate,thise programe very much for the effort above.i have nd fisheries technology,but jobless the programes brings a lot joy to my heart.because i see mona people welcoming it’s. in my village they normally smbolise me as fool, with much experience in fisheries profortion.

      • Mr Amechi Godfavour December 5, 2019

        Please sir! am very very interested and ready to start, one thing there is that I don’t know where to get the fingerlings am currently in IMO state. secondly from your article I think it is crucial to have a professional fish farmer beside one so as to coach one. please I will like to be in contact with you 08162447330. thanks

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