Food Processing18 Comments

Cassava flour production is very lucrative as it is a very important ingredient in profitable production of bread.  In the year 2001 Nigerian president was a farmer so had a first hand knowledge of what problems farmers were facing and the fact that Nigerian government was spending huge amount of money on wheat which is used to produce bread and some other confectioneries.

The government directed Federal Institute of Industrial Research to find ways of including local raw materials in the production of bread. The outcome of the research is that cassava flour can be mixed with wheat at up to 10% without any adverse effect on the taste and texture of the product. The federal government then mandated all the flour mill to include cassava flour in their product since then.

On the exit of president Obasanjo the law was not much enforced until last year when president Goodluck Jonatan raised the hope of farmers again by increasing the import duty on wheat. At this point the bakers started sourcing alternative. This development drove them back to cassava four production.

SEE ALSO: How To Start Cassava Chips Production In Nigeria

Cassava flour is not elubo lafun the staple food of Egbas in Ogun state.  The difference between the two is that the cassava for producing flour should be harvested and processed in the same day. The important point in this is that there should be no fermentation of the cassava at all. But the cassava processing to elubu must be fermented for at least three days.

Step 1: Harvest Matured Cassava

After harvesting, load it to the processing shed immediately. If the  quantity of cassava  harvested can not be carried in the same day for logistic reasons do not detach the cassava from the stem and leaf until the vehicle to carry it is ready. That is to say fermentation will not occur if the cassava is still attached to the leaf and stem even if it has been uprooted. But care must be taken not to bruise the cassava when uprooting it.

Step 2:  Peel The Cassava And Wash In Clean Water

It is important to peel the cassava and properly wash it in clean water before taking it to the grinding machine. Peeling and washing will not only remove dirt but help the flour to come out white and presentable.

Step 3:  Grind The Cassava With Grating Machine

After grinding, Press the grated cassava with screw jack or hydraulic jack. The pressing is very technical and very important. The moisture level of the cassava should be reduced to below 20%. The process from harvesting to pressing must be under 24 hours. If not the product has turned to elubo and may not be good foe baking. After pressing to below 20% moisture level fermentation is completely halted. The next stage is drying.

Step 4: Dry  To Moisture Level Below 14%

The drier the product the longer the storage life or the shelf life. The moisture level is the most important quality which will be examined at the point of sales. If properly processed as narrated above the colour of the product is snow white.

Drying could be by sun drying if the quantity is not much or if the period is dry season when there is no possibility of sudden rainfall. The ideal method of drying is the industrial dryer. Some industrial dryers are capable of handling up to 10 tons per day. If the processing is during rainy season the best alternative is the industrial dryer. They charge their fee per ton.

Step 5: Bagging And Cost Analysis

Bag into baggco sacs of 50kg and send to the point of sales.

Cost Analysis.

1. Price of 3 tons truck of raw cassava at Ifo is N60,000 to the processing shed.

2. Cost of peeling N3,000 Naira for the three tons.

3. Cost of pressing N3,000 Naira for the three tons

4. Transportation to dryer at Itori N2,000 Naira  the quantity of the material reduces almost by 50% after pressing.

At the drying center the product will be tested and weighed in. The moisture level recorded. The will be dried and sold at the drying center there to merchants who process the LPO to supply to the flour mills or bakers. The three tons of cassava is to yield minimum of 1.5 tons of flour.

A ton of flour is  N70,000 Naira 1.5 tons will yield N105,000 Naira  less expenses of not more than N80,000 Naira entrepreneur has a balance of N25,000 on each truck of cassava bought. It is more profitable for a cassava farmer to process his cassava to this point if there is labor to accomplish.

This is Written for by Adams ‘ElyJay’ Odurinde who is a farmer and a blogger.  His experience of farming span several decades, he recently combine his love for farming with his love of writing to share his farming experience with  others.

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  • ADE GBOLA December 31, 2013

    hello mr dan, how r u i have 2 hectares of cassava tuber i would like to processin cassava flour but that r no facilities of such in ibadan is there anywhere i can transfer the tuber to for processing pls

  • ADE GBOLA December 31, 2013

    pls can u get back to me on where i can transfer my cassava tuber to for prossing into flour
    . thks

    • Darlinton Omeh December 31, 2013

      According to Mr Odurinde who wrote this article, there is a place in Ifo where you can process it. If he could come around here, he will be able to tell you if there is a place in Ibadan where you can process, so let's hope he comes around very soon.

  • Anonymous January 1, 2014

    Is there a way to get in touch with mr odunrinde?

    • Tobi Agbagwu May 12, 2018

      Good day sir i need more information of casava flour please can I get in touch with you send me your phone number or address, So I can contact

  • Anonymous March 20, 2014

    How can I get machines to process cassava tubers

  • Anonymous March 20, 2014

    I havesupplies of the cassava

  • Uchenna E. Onyejekwe April 27, 2016

    Can you assist me in establishing a 200 tonnes cassava processing plant in Ogere, Ogun state and another in Anam bra state.
    What is the likely cost implication per plant. Show a design available.
    Need is urgent please. Thanks.Uchem

  • Somefun Akinsola A May 9, 2016

    Hello, Please can you give the address of processing factory in Ifo and where to easily sell it?

  • Ekeke Maxwell May 22, 2016

    What will it cost me to setup a cassava to flour processing factory in Abia State.

  • Joshua May 25, 2016

    What is the best cassava species for flour\bread, And where can i get it in nigeria.

  • Joshua May 25, 2016

    What is the best cassava species for flour\bread, And where to get it in nigeria

  • Adenauer Adeyanju July 11, 2016

    I will like to see Mr Odurinde. Could I please have his contacts. Thank you.

  • Martins Oke kayode January 9, 2018

    Pls require more information on cassava flour processing.

  • Senaike Joseph Opeoluwa April 14, 2018

    Good day. Thanks for this information. How want to what is the minimum cost to establish a Cassava flour mill plant in Nigeria. Thanks.

    • Stroud December 12, 2018

      Pls I will want to know how much it will cost to set up the mill in anambra

  • ThankGod April 27, 2018

    Sir, what is the cost of constructing a cassava flour factory in Rivers State?

  • Stroud December 12, 2018

    Pls I will want to know how much it will cost to set up the mill in anambra

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