My name is tunji. And i will be commencing agricultural business in 2months. I want you to advice me on cassava farming and plantain farming. What are the do’s and don’t.
With the increasingly diverse use of cassava products in Nigeria, cassava farming is getting more lucrative with every passing day. This farm product has always been a source of lively hood and food for millions of Nigerians. 90% of Nigerian households consume cassava products everyday. Some of the meals are: garri, wheat-flour, animal feed, commercial caramel, and a lot more.
As the population of Nigeria, and Africa as a whole continues to grow, the demand for cassava products will continue to skyrocket, leading to higher revenues generated by cassava farmers. This widespread consumption of cassava products will continue to place it as a cash crop that always gets bought after a harvest, and guarantees a good profit after sales.
1). Select A Good Site For Your Cassava Farm:
When getting a site to setup a cassava farm, pick an area with deep well drained loamy soil, adequate rainfall, and warm & moist climatic conditions.
Cassava grows best in these areas. An easy way to identify lands with these conditions is to see if:
There’s a thick vegetation around it,
The soil texture is good,
The land is flat or gently sloping.
Picking the right location to setup your cassava farm is extremely important. Make sure the locals and food scientists can verify the richness of the soil before you proceed to make a purchase.
2). Improve The Soil For Planting The Cassavas:
This step is not important if you already selected a good site to grow your cassava crops. But if you didn’t, you’d need to spend a lot of money to improve the soil.
Your soil must be very fertile for cultivation else, you’d lose millions. Little mistakes as this should be totally avoided. But the best route still, is to choose a good site. This way, you don’t have to go through the pain of improving the soil for planting the cassava stem cuttings.
3). Select The Best Cassava Variety To Plant:
There are wide breeds of cassavas that you can grow. But the best breeds to cultivate are the types that’s widely accepted by your target market, gives great yields, grows fast, and are resistant to pests and diseases.
4). Select Healthy Cassava Stem Cuttings:
Cassava stem cuttings are used to grow cassava crops. Selecting healthy stems is crucial to growing rich cassava crops that your market would quickly purchase.
5). Plant The Cassava Right:
Before you plant your cassava crop products, you need to consider the land tillage method, the time of the year, the seed bed type, and the method of preparation, handling, and planting of the cassava stem cuttings. Planting the cassava within all the right conditions will ensure you reap a healthy harvest
6). Setup & Production Cost:
Just as any other startup business, a great execution of your cassava farming business can make you a millionaire. You need to understand the perfect costing needs to ensure you’re not going to generate a negative cash flow. Here is a sample costing for setting up a cassava farm in Nigeria:
Land Cost: NGN 75,000 (Depends on the location)
Land Preparation: NGN 25,000 (Could Vary)
Cassava Stem Cuttings: NGN 50,000 (For 100 bundles. Bundle price could vary per location)
Fertilizer NGN 25,000 (The price could vary by quantity)
Fermentation Tank: NGN 220,000
Hydraulic Press: NGN 280,000
Hammer Mill: NGN 700,000
Then lastly, market it.