Agriculture99 Comments

It is unfortunate to see many Nigerians go to bed hungry, suffering of starvation and malnutrition. We constantly complain of lack of good paying jobs and no money to spend and take care of our immediate needs. In effort to get jobs, we sell themselves into slavery in the hands of Chinese and Lebanese right in their own country all in the name of working in a factory. While in reality, we are sitting on a goldmine known as cassava farming and production!

Cassava grows very well in most parts of West Africa like Ghana, Senegal, Benin Republic, Nigeria, and Cameroon. The Brazilians are also know for cassava farming which they use for Tapioca production.

The industrial processing of cassava in Nigeria holds much potential for successful investment.  The crop is increasingly attracting attention of serious business people. And processing businesses are slowly starting to spring-up all over the country. You also know how useful cassava is to Nigerians in general in terms of consumption. Cassava forms the major part of our daily food. Almost no family can survive  a whole year without cassava related food.

SEE ALSO: 8 important Nigerian foods that are derived from cassava

Cassava can be processed into a number of products such as starch, flour, chips, ethanol and glucose syrup, and bread to name a few. These products are all in high demand locally and also have significant export possibilities. These therefore, place a lot of raw cash in the hands of anyone who goes into cassava farming right now.

As a smart person, you should be thinking about how to take advantage of the government support for agriculture and the increased budget to create wealth for yourself. This is because cassava production surely provides opportunity for investors. If you are ready, here are what you need to start your own cassava farming in Nigeria.

1. Select Site For Your Cassava Farming

For Cassava plantation, it is important to choose an accessible well-drained fertile soil. You can take sample of the soil where you want to start your cassava farming to the IITA to help determine whether the soil is suitable for high yield cassava variety.

While most forest lands within the South West are known to be very fertile for cassava farming, it is important to further verify in other to be sure of your investment.

2. Decide On Cassava Varieties

For good cassava production, the following varieties are recommended for their high yield and processing quality: TMS 30572, NR 8082, NR8083, TMS 4(2) 1425, TMS 81/00110, TMS 92/0326. An additional 10 varieties are in the process of being released. Check from the cassava production specialists in Ibadan

3. Land Preparation And Planting

A total herbicide – Round up (a glyphosate) should be applied to the land where you want to plant your cassava at the rate of 4–5 l/ha 10 days before land preparation. For cost effectiveness and optimum plant population of your cassava , mechanization and planting on ridges are recommended.


It is recommended that 5 (50 kg) bags of agricultural lime be applied /ha during land preparation.
Planting and planting material

1. Cassava Planting starts in April and can be extended to October.

2. The quantity of cassava recommended for 1 ha is 60 bundles of cassava stem.

3. Cassava Stem cuttings 25 cm long should be planted at a spacing of 1 m x 1 m.

4. Maintain 100% cassava planting rate by replacing dead or nonviable stems.
Post-planting weed control

Where a total herbicide was not used before land preparation for cassava plantation, it is recommended that a selective pre-emergence herbicide be applied within three days after planting. Five liters of Primextra is recommended /ha.

4. Types Of Fertilizer To Use

The following fertilizers and their rate/ha are recommended

• NPK 15:15:15–12 (50 kg) bags
• NPK 20:10:10–9 (50 kg) bags
• NPK 12:12:17–15 (50 kg) bags

Apply fertilizer at 8 weeks after planting your cassava. Apply fertilizer in a ring, 6 cm wide and 10 cm from the plant or broadcast with care around the cassava plant, making sure the fertilizer does not touch the cassava stem or leaves.


Cassava Yield of 25 t/ha and above can be obtained with good agronomic practices and management.
Therefore, every step must be taken seriously in the process of planting your cassava.


To reduce cost of production and attain high yields, it is recommended that land preparation be fully
mechanized. A power tiller can be used if the total land area under cultivation is not more than 250ha

Cassava Production Like This Will Make You Millions of Naira
Production cost for one hectare of cassava

Land preparation ……………………………………………………… N10,000.00

Cassava cuttings (60 bundles @ N300/bundle) ………………N18,000.00

Planting (4 person at N1000/pd) …………………………………..N4,000.00

Pre-emergence herbicides (5 liters at N1000/l) ………………..N5,000.00

Fertilizer (20:10:10, 9 bags at N2500/bag) ……………………..N22,000.00

Insecticides (2 liters at N1000/l) ……………………………………N3,000.00

Application of herbicide ……………………………………………….N3,000.00

Application of insecticide ………………………………………………N 3,000.00

Application of fertilizer (4 persons at N1,000/pd) ……………..N4,000.00

One weeding (10 person at N1,000/pd) …. ……………………..N10,000.00

Harvesting (15 person at N1,500/pd). …………………………….N17,500.00

Total ……………………………………………………………………….. N100,000.00

Farm Labor Wage Rates Vary By Location.

Note: Fixed capital investments are not included. Such capital investments include knapsack or boom sprayers, tractors or power tillers, stem cutters, planters, and harvesters. With planters and harvesters, manual labor use can be minimized.

Looking for a reliable company that will provide you quality agricultural mechanization for your farm project?

With many years of practical experience coupled with our ever working bulldozers, tractors and other agricultural implements at our disposal, we are here to solve the problem of agricultural mechanization in Nigeria.
Our service includes land clearing, land preparation, plowing, harrowing and more.
Contact us TODAY let’s get started. Call/Whatsapp me on 07036378686 let’s discuss.

This is one of the business you can access very quickly and easily to, why not take advantage now and free style to the bank.

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  • Jaitto Emmanuel September 6, 2013

    Dear Darlinton, great work. I'm looking forward to starting my farming business too, though am a complete novice to farming i hope with someone like you, i can survive in it. Thanks bro!

    • Darlinton Omeh September 6, 2013

      Jaitto, you are welcome. It doesn't matter if you are new, you can make it if you try

      • Olalekan May 27, 2016

        Hi darlington, just read ur post now,plz can you contact me at my email, we really need to talk….or you can drop me ur email plz and phone number

  • Jaitto Emmanuel September 6, 2013

    Dear Darlinton, great work. I'm looking forward to starting my farming business too, though am a complete novice to farming i hope with someone like you, i can survive in it. Thanks bro!

  • Irisim Gania November 3, 2013

    Hi,this is quite informing.I am going into cassava cultivation and processing of garri,chips,and flour.What I need is the marketing info on how to sell my products.I don't know if you can help in any way.

  • Irisim Gania November 3, 2013

    Hi,this is quite informing.I am going into cassava cultivation and processing of garri,chips,and flour.What I need is the marketing info on how to sell my products.I don't know if you can help in any way.

    • Darlinton Omeh November 4, 2013

      Irisim, Cassava cultivation is very good business. Just keep visiting, article on marketing may come up soon

  • ofomukoro paul November 7, 2013

    good to go….

  • Adeshile A November 11, 2013

    Hi,where can i get buyer for cassava root

    • SAMUEL UDONDEH November 15, 2018

      i need some cassava root in my farm,how do i reach you.
      you can reach me on +2348168977116

  • goodluck muhehe December 11, 2013

    Hi, i have been an admirer of agribusiness for a while now. As i look forward to starting it, i hope you will be a great help

  • keith okemena December 27, 2013

    Thanks omeh for this nice post. How can I reach you on phone?

  • Olusina February 3, 2014

    How do I get a book containing farming terminologies?

  • Segun Ade February 4, 2014

    Dear Darlington, Am happy to read your article,but my problem is how to get the cassava stem to plant and those drug.Where can i get it.Thank God bless

  • Ben March 4, 2014

    Pls mister, can I get ur number?

  • Anonymous May 5, 2014

    Hello Darlington,

    You are doing an amazing job.

    Please can someone start up with just ONE plot of land? Will there be any profit at all..if yes, an idea of the range n possible challenges. Thanks a lot

  • Anonymous May 9, 2014


  • micheal okafor May 27, 2014

    A question i will not stop asking is, after the cultivation and harvesting where are we to sale it? 15 tonnes or 25 per hectre, Who buys and how much, i will post to you why i ask this question when i get the answer.

  • Paul Kang July 2, 2014

    I can arrange a project financing if asking more than 10M, which I need the executive summary with a business plan, use of funds and disbursement schedule, company background and history, a 5 yrs forecast financial statement

    • Taiwo April 18, 2016

      Did you still what to Invest in d Cassava Buz. because i have plenty of land in my Village in Kwara State and i’m interested too but the financial ability is not that there. Please reply

  • MARGARET OKOH August 8, 2014

    Darlington, please what is the recommended rate for labour in cassava farming?

  • MARGARET OKOH August 9, 2014

    recommended rate of labour for cassava is?

  • Anonymous August 18, 2014

    Hi Darlington, Thanks for all your articles. What will be the expenses and yield on Cassava on one Acre of Land please? Also what times of the year can you plant Cassava?
    Many thanks and God bless you.

  • Ibro baba August 29, 2014

    Hi Darlington! Thank you so much for this wonderful article. God bless you abundantly. Amen!

  • Anonymous August 30, 2014

    thanks you very much for this business opportunity. please what time am I suppose to harvest after planting.

  • Anonymous October 3, 2014

    Hi Omeh! Your article is quite informative but complex to someone like me. My mom currently has a cassava "ready to be harvested" farm. Just last month she harvested a quarter of the produce and it filled a 14sitter bus, but she couldn't find a ready buyer. Frustrated she contracted someone who made just seven sack-bags of "garri" with the lots….she never applied any of those directives u gave regarding the use of herbicides n insecticides, neither did she do any land preparation using limes yet one could mistake the cassava produce for yams. I beg your response to my questions…1) By not going through the process u listed how are the crops affected? 2) How can she get ready buyers, as she has still 3/4 of cassava crop un-harvested as she is worried they might get infested/eaten by rodents. 3) How do we(sic) go about doing a small/medium scale production plant for garri ? 4)Stumbling on your article I have picked an interest in cassava cultivation…now how do I go about taking this to the next level? I v heard about our govt interest in encouraging farming, go I do get access to funds from the govt as I intend to doing 'intensive farming'? Thank you for the insight!

  • Anonymous October 31, 2014

    nice info you have, i am planing to go into farming biz,hope to get more info from you when the time comes

  • Rick Paul November 8, 2014

    Magnificent Information please, I have a question
    I am in the USA I would love to start a business in Nigeria
    but I'm not Nigerian I'm a black brother who's in love with Africa especially with Nigeria
    How can I start this business without being in Nigeria? please let me know.

    • Darlinton Omeh November 9, 2014

      What kind of business do you want to invest in?

    • Rick Paul November 9, 2014

      Well I read your top 20 Lucrative business to start in Nigeria and I'm interesting in the poultry farming and mostly the snail rearing due to the fact of low capital to start up, between those two what are your recommendation for my investment please keep in mind I'm in the USA I'm unable to be in Nigeria in person until the business start picking up.

      • Darlinton Omeh November 9, 2014

        Send me message on Facebook, search my name (Darlinton Omeh) or email me on admin[at]

        • Adedayo July 3, 2016

          Sorry is it a must for someone to measure the land before the land preparation….

      • juliusagbaje December 12, 2016

        well anyone ready to partner with me, i have close to 200hecters of land but no capital. if you have the capital and you are interested you can mail me on +2348162600414

    • Rick Paul November 9, 2014

      I just contacted you on Facebook thank you for your help

      • Ido George December 9, 2017

        Rick Paul,
        We can partner in this regard,if your serious. You can inbox me on Facebook.Ido George or call 2348032588032

  • michelism January 6, 2015

    Hi Darlington, Please give answers to all those questions before Rick Paul's.

  • Anonymous January 14, 2015

    Thanks a lot for this information, but my question is this; I have 30 plots of land and I'm wondering if this would be enough to start a mechanized cassava farm.

  • Anonymous January 24, 2015

    Darlington, thanks for our information/write up.I have some funds that i want to use specifictly for cassava farming between Cross River State And Akwa-Ibom, I just wanted to find out if the cassava will strive well in the river rain area of Akwa Ibom,

    • Darlinton Omeh January 24, 2015

      Yes it will. Most parts of Nigeria is good for cassava production, check around to see how cassava farms are currently doing there

  • ibeagha Nnamdi January 18, 2016

    Mr darlinton tanx for ur wonderful information about farming business.pls I wnt to go into large scale farming bt I Dnt knw much abt it.can I cultivate yam together wit cassava? Hope u can be of help wen I commence in d next few months

    • Tim Stephens February 20, 2016

      Both are deep rooted crop it is not advice able to have both on the same land you can do cassava and maize or yam and maize.

  • Ajomale Lekan January 30, 2016


    I am intrested in cassava farming, Pls can I have your phone number so that we can discuss extensively.


    Ajomale Lekan

  • collins tome mbanda February 29, 2016

    It’s an ideal business plan boss its equally worth recommendable. Kudos and more Greece

  • ajao March 6, 2016

    Hi Guys,
    Thanks for your lovely business tips, I would like to point out one very vital advice , We should refrain from using fertilizers as it kills the soil and damage the land for future uses, in Western country we use wood chips and Songhai Farms also uses the same method and they are greater and taste better.

    • Taiwo April 18, 2016

      Please what is wood chips and Songhai Farms to save d Land like you said and still yield the same?

  • Oluwafemi March 7, 2016

    Thank you for the write up however the marketing part of the document is not included such as getting Cassava Off takers could be an answer to the person with 3/4 cassava farms…

    Good job

  • Ayori Hans March 21, 2016

    Thanks for all the job you guys are doing. i own a land of 4.2 hec.i am located in Cameroon.i really want to get into cassava can i get your help.

  • katherine otene April 15, 2016

    tanx for d post pls like d example u calculate if d farm go well how much profit can yu make if yu invest d hundred thousand pls and pls reply me cos am doin my research hoping to start soonest

  • Abisoye Mukaila April 16, 2016

    I am into cassava farming.I need marketing strategy for d products e g chips e t c

  • Ken Ezihuo April 17, 2016

    Dar Darlington
    My name Ken Ezihuo I am interested in the cassava business and I have 70 plots of land to start with. I will need your advise on how to start if possible secure financial support cos I need to full scale. Thanks.

  • Taiwo April 18, 2016

    Hello Sir, how do i get found because i have plenty of land for this in my Village in Kwara state.

  • Mutuyumuremyi Theoneste April 22, 2016

    I am Rwandan,I need to do such business. this is good business. but the problem is capital for starting.

  • Michael April 24, 2016

    Hi,Mr ajao is yet to tell the forum what wood chips are and/or songhai farming is

  • Ebowemen Monday April 25, 2016

    Hi Darlinghton, am interested in having your Ebook, how do I go about it? treat as urgent please.

  • Victor April 26, 2016

    Hello Darlington. Very informative piece. Thank you. I will like to know how you can be contacted for consultation. email, phone number anything to contact you will be highly appreciated.

    • Shodunke olalekan May 4, 2016

      Hello Darlington, thanks for the useful information, I pray God will continue to increase you. please I want to go into plantain and cassava farming, I have about 4 acres of land around Ikorodu in Lgaos which I intend to use for this. I will need your professional advice on how to go about this. please I will appreciate if you can send me your phone number so that I can get in touch with you.

  • Ann May 6, 2016

    Hello Darlinton very good piece but what is the current total cost for starting a cassava farm. And relevant lessons involved I have no agricultural Knowledge

  • ubaka1000 May 15, 2016

    Great Thread
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    • edaetiibassey January 18, 2017

      please what is your email or phone number, am trying to reach you

    • ebonycrystal March 24, 2017

      Helo Ubaka please I’m Intrested in ur business plan,How do I get it and your phone number was displayed.

    • emoefecollins October 27, 2017

      Helo Ubaka please I’m Intrested in ur business plan,How do I get it and your phone number was displayed

  • Great job my brother,keep on with this great work. Pls do u have any article on how farm coco yam (ede).

  • Olabisi May 31, 2016

    i have the mind to go into cassava farming which is to be funded by a senior friend but really curious on how to get buyers.

  • Afolabi Kayode June 2, 2016

    I really appreciate your encouragement program on farming and I believed it will go a long way towards alleviating poverty as well as over reliance on government work and make many a self reliance person. Self reliance which is a major secret of success. How can I meet you personally because I really intend to invest in farming especially cassava planting and cultivation? Thanks, waiting to hear from you. Mr.Kayode from Lagos

  • Uzochukwu Igbokwe June 6, 2016

    Your write ups has made my day so impactful and straight to the point but I will like to ask if you can assist me with an information that will enable me to get land for lease in Ogun state ministry of Agric

  • Uzochukwu Igbokwe June 6, 2016

    Your write ups has made my day so impactful and straight to the point but I will like to ask if you can assist me with an information that will enable me to get land for lease in Ogun state ministry of Agric
    I will also need your WhatsApp number to get more information on how to get your business plan templates for agricultur

  • Opeoluwa June 13, 2016

    Thanks so much for your post. I really want to start the cassava business but currently have no idea about it, i would like you to mentor me on this. I have an hectare of land in Ibadan, Oyo state which i wants to start the cultivation with. Looking forward to your reply. Thanks once more.

  • sayo July 18, 2016

    how profiting it is when investing one million dollar on cassava in nigerian

  • OLU Matthew July 19, 2016

    I have heard this information from one of my Pastor in the church, please do I get cassava stem to buy a good spicy. Please I need your help.

    Awaiting your good response.

  • Robinson August 27, 2016

    Hello Mr Darlington, thank you so much for this article. I have a question: Please is it good for me to start the cassava planting by next Month(September)? Will I have a good harvest ? Thank as I expect your feedback as soon as possible. My Regards.

  • Robinson August 27, 2016

    Hello Mr Darlington, please where can I buy 20:10:10 Fertilizer for cassava farming at cheap rate? Thanks

  • Qinjunhua October 24, 2016

    Hello, I am from China’s enterprises, the company engaged in the research and production of cassava machinery. The company’s products mainly include cassava planting machine, cassava harvester, cassava peeling and slicing machine, and so on a series of products. Welcome interested friends to call or email to negotiate business.

  • Lahmola December 8, 2016

    Pls @ Darlington can i get your contact to put me tru and assist me on cassava farming…….

  • Prince December 14, 2016

    My name are Ojo Oluwasegun, i know a place where you can much lands for farming at ilaro side in ogun state, and i can supply you any quantity of cassava stems. Believe me for Jesus sake i am fully into agriculture, so don’t be afraid, you will see everything plain before anybody can take mono from you. I can get you plantain to plant, i supply OBASANJO FARM IBOGUN BRANCH, You can contact me

    • OLAOYE January 11, 2017


  • isotech March 19, 2017

    Whaoh, this info is great, educative and eye opener. I ve many things about Cassava Farming. Many thanks to Mr Darlington for providing this platform. God will continue to bless you.

  • oworbi Stephen July 17, 2017

    thanks for ur great work

  • Oworbi Stephen July 17, 2017

    I appreciate u sir for taking this bold steps in helping the world have knowledge on the benefit of agriculture. but sir u forget the place of security.most areas if u don’t fence ur farm grass cutters and other farm animals DAT graze from cassava will uproot all ur matured cassava and DAT will jeopardize ur business. I am actually from central part of cross river where we produce cassava a lot I have every needed guidelines on cassava planting and my area u don’t need fertilizer cox our land is so fertile.

    The best way to make money on rural areas of cassava business is putting it on finish product.this are the processes: harvesting, pilling and washing, brinding with engine, mixed with red palm oil, load it on a 100kg bag,placed it on pressing machine to allow it dry for some hours,filtering the garri with a filter,and lastly u have to fry it in a is from here u get wat we calk garri because it has been transformed to another stage. now u can make ur sales.

    This processes are many but very cheap it doesn’t cost u in rural areas like mine.and it best this way because it gives u much money than other processes and u can store ur Garri for months if u chose to. I will advice u to rent a renting can be for a year and above and it is very cheap were I come from u can rent a plot for just 10k or less I mean it. If u need more details or want to do business call me on 07067474215 or 08083903476

  • Oworbi Stephen July 17, 2017

    Sorry pls there were repeated comments in my piece pls read carefully to know the joint sentence thanks

  • Onah charles c September 3, 2017

    Somebody like is willing and able but the financial involvement.How can i be empowered finacialy for the start up

  • Kasham ishaku Gwazalyen September 11, 2017

    Hello Sir tanks for dis wonderful piece… I don’t know if u can refer me to where I can get good seedlings and a good business plan for cassava farming.. Thanks in anticipation

    • JAMES April 14, 2018


  • Damilola September 20, 2017

    This is great!!!

  • Michael Adeyemi October 9, 2017

    Dear Mr. Darlington,

    This is quite educative. But please, this write up did not contain estimated income or revenue derivable from this an hectare investment. Also, how can one get some industrial buyers?
    Kindly avail me with your email address.

    Thank you and God bless you.

  • Michael Adeyemi October 9, 2017

    This is quite educative. Could you include the estimated income or revenue derivable from this one hectare investment. Could you also assist with some industrial buyers, Off takers?

    Thank you and God bless you.

  • collins Akpos December 22, 2017

    Bro nice one but my question is that when should weeding come into play and why when you have herbicides to do weeding job. Thanks

  • Omoruyi Endurance February 10, 2018

    I am impressed at ur erudite lecture sir, keep it up

  • Iroha David March 28, 2018

    I really want to start the cassava farming, I would love to have your urgent response, please

  • Habeeb isiaka April 8, 2018

    Hello Darlington i like your post and i must say am very much impressed but if i may ask like how much can i use to cultivate 50plots of land and how much am i expecting in return pls your reply will be very helpful

  • Owuye samson April 11, 2018

    I really love farming mostly cassava business and maizes my question is how should I get buyer for it sir,

  • Aikoye Clare Aisha June 12, 2018

    This is amazing, Mr Darlington I’m very fortunate to get this information from, plsi need ur help I put for a grant and I’m ask to write my proposal pls can you help for the proposal pls. Thanks

  • Samuel July 16, 2018

    This is quite good, but add your contact

  • HAMZAT OLADEJI September 2, 2018

    Hello mrDarlington, thanks alot for this educative write up. i’m a Nigerian base in South Africa i am willing to come back home and settle down with agro farming but i am really scared and i contacted you on your facebook but no responce yet. pls my facebook account is hamzat oladeji m bello. thank you and God bless

  • G. McFrancis Momolu September 20, 2019

    please send me your email address

  • Doris November 9, 2019

    Hi Mr Darlington , thanks for your write up, I’m interested in cassava farming but I dont know the in and out of this business, getting farmland isnt my problem. Pls respond

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