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      How to extract palm oil from palm fruits

      Palm oil is the oldest and most consumed cooking oil in Nigeria. This is because, even before modern day civilization and large scale production of palm oil, the making and selling of palm oil for commercial purposes and for home consumption has been in existence. People from the eastern and the south eastern part of Nigeria have a deep knowledge on how to extract palm oil and sell to business people. These middlemen buy from the people in rural areas and sell to consumers in the urban areas.

      The Use Of Palm Oil

      The palm oil is the oil extracted from the fruits of a palm tree. It is one of the basic components of our traditional dishes here in Nigeria. In the east, we have the Egusi soup, Oha, ofe nsala. While the calabars have the Edika Ikong soup, Afang and the likes. In the west, we have the gbegiri soup, Efo riro, Asaro amongst others. The northern part also boasts of tuwo masara or tuwo dawa with mia kuka soup.

      All these traditional dishes will not have their unique tastes without the locally extracted palm oil. That is why there is always constant demand for this type of palm oil and, the business is very lucrative.

      Now, palm oil production has gone beyond just the people in the rural areas. Big companies are now engaging in the large scale production and sales of palm oil. Especially with the introduction of machinery like the nut crusher, oil press and electrical seed fryer, to replace humans and speed up the process to extract palm oil.

      SEE ALSO: How to Start Groundnut Oil Production in Nigeria

      Even at that, some people still prefer the good old days of palm oil extraction. They feel that the hand made palm oil is more nutritious than the processed one and even cheaper. When you travel across some states, you will see people carrying locally made palm oil in containers, offering it for sale to travelers. Some people will even give money to a person, that is traveling, to help them buy palm oil from their villages. This locally made palm oil is usually cheaper than the processed one.

      How To Extract Palm Oil

      Having known this, you can tap into this demand for local or hand made oil. You just need to learn how to make the palm oil and how to market it. The business is one with a great opportunity for profit making. You can not make palm oil and run into loss. Because, there is a high demand for it.

      You can decide to start making and selling palm oil in you locality and make profit in your own little way. You can start by selling to your neighbors and when you have gotten recognition, you can expand your horizons by taking the market outside of your locality.

      On the average, a bottle of palm oil sells for N250. If 5litres cost about N1200, then 25litres will cost around N6000. All you need to do is go to a rural area where you can buy the palm fruits at a cheaper rate from farmers. The cost of the palm fruits, processing it into palm oil and, your transportation is what will determine your selling price.

      For instance, if your total cost for making 25 litres of palm oil is N4000 you can sell for as much as N5500 or N6000, you would have made about 25% profit from the business. And you can do this from the comfort of your home.

      Palm oil extraction may sound complicated but, it is a simple process that you can engage in from the comfort of your home. When you have gotten the quantity of palm fruits you need, follow the following steps to extract your palm oil

      SEE ALSO: Palm Kernel Oil Extraction Production Process And Profit

      1. The first thing to do is to properly wash the palm fruits. It is important that you wash the palm fruits to remove dirt particles that may be clinging to it from harvesting and picking it from the bunch.

      2. After washing, the next stage is to boil the palm fruits. This may take up to 1 hour, depending on the quantity of palm fruits that you cook. The goal is to boil the fruit until they are softened enough for the oil to be extracted. To do this, add a little amount of water into the pot, after putting the palm fruits. Make sure the water is not more than the palm fruits. When you see that the body of the fresh seeds are beginning to crack open, know that the palm fruits are getting soft.

      3. The next step is mashing the boiled palm nuts. You can use mortar and pestle or you can use your hands to mash it in a bowl. This should be done immediately after boiling. Do not break the nuts, but mash until you get the oily juice.

      4. Separate the juice from the chaff and the nuts. Sieve until there is no element of chaff left in the juice.

      5. When you have finished sieving the juice, cook it until you see the palm oil floating on the surface of the water.

      6. Extract the palm oil from the water surface and boil it again, until it is purified. After which, you can pour the palm oil into a container for storage and sales.

      As you now know, the process of making palm oil is not too difficult. If you can make palm oil for your own consumption, you can also make money out of it.

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      • ibama March 29, 2017

        Good day, I am in Port Harcourt and I am interested in going into Palm Oil business. Please advice on best place to get the product, best price, modus operandi etc. Candid advice is needed.

        • Darlinton Omeh June 28, 2017

          Hello Ibama, do you have the plan of processing the palm oil on your own or buying the already processed finished products?

      • Ibrahim September 9, 2017

        Good day,
        Many thanks for your enlightenment on the above topic. Please I wish to ask for how long can red palm oil be stored before sales? And at what time is the best time to buy red palm oil and store and wait patiently for the price to rise up before selling them off?

        Thank you.

      • Lilian November 13, 2017

        Is it a must that after mashing the palm fruit,you will leave it till d next monin before sieving it?pls reply fast thanks

      • Angelical April 15, 2018

        Hi. Thank you for your sharing. I will surely give it a try. I picked up 2 raw palm fruits today. Tempted to eat raw. Question is, is it safe to eat raw,? Just give it a bite?

        • oma April 26, 2018

          yes it is. some women do it to know the taste of the palm fruit before buying. it tells them if it will yield good taste or oil

      • VictorTryst May 20, 2018

        Please i need a reference on this palm oil business

      • Lingga Wisnu February 13, 2019

        This article is very good and I like it

      • romadhon February 14, 2019

        wow this is very interesting. I think your article is easy to understand and very useful to learn, thanks

      • Rachael Akande July 23, 2019

        The process is very well explain and business analysis fine i thank you

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