The production of bottled water is a big task but once you are familiar with it, it becomes easy along the way. It is a business that could only be pulled off using great marketing skills because the sales could be tricky, you are going to need to establish good connections with people and then you will have to make a name for yourself to gain recognition, because without recognition you won’t be able to drive sales.
Bottled water production is a very good choice to start, besides the business is easy to sustain and the raw material is free, water. There is a huge demand for the product in Nigeria and it is increasing every year as more metropolitan areas are expanding because they are the main consumers of the product. With the right tools and proper management one will be able to return investment and make millions in a matter of three to four years. We will be discussing some of the tools that will enable you to start this business in Nigeria.
To begin, you will need to register your business with the CAC as a limited liability company. Then start processing your NAFDAC (National Agency for Food and Drug Administration) registration which will entail adhering to some strict safety regulations. They will inspect your facility, the types of filtration machines you use and other things to make sure it agrees with the standards.
Hygiene is of high importance in the production of bottled water, so it must be safe to drink at all costs, which implies that the water source must be pure ad free of foreign microbes and not close to any toxic environment like a dump site or a factory waste site.
Also workers that come in direct contact with the manufacturing process must exercise a certain level of hygiene, like wearing apparels to prevent hair from getting into the water and so on. They must be trained or have prior experience on the job before they are being considered for hire.
The location of your facility should not be very far from town, if it is possible to locate it inside the town it will be good that is without disrupting any environmental laws like sound pollution. The reason why it is so important to be situated near town is to ease the delivery, and to make the final product easily available and on time. When you are situated far off, it won’t be possible to supply to supermarkets and other places where your product is sold, bottled water is often sold out real quickly so you will need to be near the customer base to be really effective.
There should be at least enough space to set up a bottle production line that is where the bottles are made and filled, a borehole site and available space outside the main building for loading up of delivery trucks.
Three common methods exist for the water treatment to remove impurities and bacteria. They consist of the reverse osmosis, deionization and distillation. The reverse osmosis is most common due to its efficiency and low energy costs. Although depending on your water source, the purification process varies, for water gotten from a spring the purification process might not be as elaborate as it would be from a borehole so as to sustain the taste from the natural minerals in the water.
The bottles could be made in the same unit where the water is produced which inevitably means higher start-up cost. The complete production line consists of PET bottle making machine, bottle rinser, bottle filler, cap lifter, capping machine, labelling machine and a packaging machine. Alternatively you can order the bottles from a bottling company, you specify and agree on the design you want and they will produce it and deliver it to you. All that is left is the filling of the bottles which there are automated machines to do that. It is cheaper but having a complete production line is more beneficial on the long run.
The product when it is finished must be prepared for delivery to various stores that patronize your product, a van or two for medium sized production will be enough. You are going to need employees 4-5 at least that will load up the delivery truck and deliver it to the various addresses and off load them there. Wishing you the best of luck in your endeavours.